Chartering means chartering the whole ship. Charter cost is lower than liner, and can choose direct route, so the bulk cargo generally use charter transportation.
There are two types of charter-chartering and regular charter. 1. Fixed-journey charter. The fixed-journey charter is a charter way based on the voyage, also called the process Charter. The ship shall complete the cargo transport task as stipulated in the Charter party, and shall be responsible for the operation and management of the vessel and its expenses during the voyage.
Generally, the freight is calculated according to the quantity of goods shipped, and also by the amount of voyage charter. The rights and obligations of both parties shall be stipulated by the Charter Party. In the way of chartering, the contract should make clear whether the ship is responsible for the loading and unloading cost of the goods in port. If the ship does not bear the loading and unloading, the contract shall stipulate the time limit or the handling rate, as well as the corresponding demurrage and quick severance fee. If the lessee fails to complete the loading and unloading operation within the deadline. In order to compensate for the loss caused by the delay of sailing, the ship shall be paid a certain fine, that is, demurrage fee. If the lessee completes the loading and unloading work ahead of time, the ship will pay a certain bonus to the tenant, called the quick severance fee.
The usual dispatch fee is half of the demurrage. 2. Regular charter. The term charter is the way of renting a ship at a certain time, also known as the period chartering, the ship shall provide the seaworthy ship during the lease period stipulated in the contract, and bear the related expenses for maintaining the airworthiness.
During this period, the charterer shall be responsible for the operation of the ship at its own discretion in the prescribed area, subject to the costs of fuel, port and handling charges.