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The role of maritime transport
Jul 24, 2018

1. Marine cargo transportation is the main way of international trade transportation Although the International Maritime cargo transportation has the low speed, the risk is not big, but because of its ability to pass, large volume, low freight, as well as the advantages of strong adaptability to the goods, plus the unique geographical conditions of the world, make it become the main mode of transport in international trade. The 80%~90% of the total quantity of import and export goods in China is carried out through ocean transportation, due to the rise and development of container transport, not only the freight transport to the collective, reasonable direction of development, but also save the goods packaging materials and freight charges, reduce the cargo damage, ensure the transport quality, shorten the transport time,

Thus reducing the cost of transportation.

2. Marine cargo Transportation is one of the important channels for countries to save foreign exchange payments and increase foreign exchange income. In China, freight expenses generally accounted for about 10% of the total import and export of foreign trade, especially the bulk freight accounted for a greater proportion of trade, if the full use of international trade terminology, for our more ships, not only save the foreign exchange payment, but also can strive for more foreign exchange income. In particular, the capacity of our country into the international shipping market, and actively carry out the transport of third countries for the country to create foreign exchange income. At present, countries all over the world, especially the coastal developing countries, attach great importance to the establishment of their own ocean fleet, focusing on the development of marine cargo transport.

Some shipping developed countries, the income of foreign exchange freight becomes an important pillar of the national economy of these countries.

3, the development of marine transport is conducive to improving the country's industrial structure and international trade export commodity structure Maritime transport is based on the practice of navigation activities, the basis of navigation activities are shipbuilding, navigation technology and master the technology of seafarers. Shipbuilding industry is a comprehensive industry, its development can drive the iron and steel industry, shipbuilding equipment industry, electronic instrumentation industry development, promote the whole country's industrial structure improvement. China from the original ship importer, in recent years has gradually become a ship exporter, and is moving towards the ranks of large shipping exporters. Due to the continuous development of China's maritime technology, the crew's expatriate service has aroused the attention of the world. The development of ocean transport industry, China's ocean shipping fleet has entered the world's top 10, for the future large-scale dismantling of the ship industry to provide conditions, not only for China's steel mills smelting to provide low-cost raw materials, energy conservation and import of ore consumption, but also exports of scrap steel export.

It can be seen that the development of the marine transport industry not only improves the national industrial structure, but also improves the commodity structure in international trade.

4. Marine transport fleet is an important reserve force of national Defense Marine Ocean transport fleets have historically been used as logistical means of transport in wartime. The United States and Britain and other countries called the Merchant fleet: "Apart from land, sea and air, the four services", the former Soviet merchant fleet is also known as the Western countries "shadow fleet." It can be seen that it plays a role in the victory and defeat of the war. Because maritime transport occupies such an important position, countries all over the world attach great importance to the cause of maritime shipping, through legislation to protect, from funds to support and subsidies, in the delivery of concessions.

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